Pradeu T. (2019), Philosophy of Immunology. Cambridge University Press, Elements in Philosophy of Biology Series. Open access.



Khelfaoui M., Gingras Y., Lemoine L., Pradeu T. (2021), The visibility of philosophy of science in the sciences, 1980-2018, Synthese. (PDF of final draft).

Greslehner G. (2021), The vaccinologist’s “dirty little secret”: a better understanding of structure-function relationships of viral immunogens might advance rational HIV vaccine design. Archives of Virology. (Open access).



Paludan S.R., Pradeu T., Masters S., Mogensen T. (2020), Constitutive immune mechanisms: mediators of host defence and immune regulation. Nature Reviews Immunology. (Open access).
Ronai I., Greslehner G., et al. (2020), Microbiota, symbiosis and individuality Summer School Meeting Report, Microbiome 8, 117 (Report on ERC IDEM summer school in Biarritz). (Open access)
Greslehner G. (2020), Not by structures alone: Can the immune system recognize microbial functions? Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences. (Open access).

Greslehner G. and Lemoine M. (2020), A dual decomposition strategy of both microbial and phenotypic components for a better understanding of causal claims. Biology & Philosophy 35:1 (First online November 26th 2019)

Guay A. & Pradeu T. (2020), Right out of the box: How to situate metaphysics of science in relation to other metaphysical approaches. Synthese, 197, 1847–1866. In special issue on “New Metaphysics of Science” edited by Max Kistler. (PDF of final draft).


Bich L., Pradeu T., and Moreau J-F. (2019), Understanding Multicellularity: The Functional Organization of the Intercellular Space. Frontiers in Physiology 10:1170 (Open Access)

Laplane et al. (2019): Beyond the tumour microenvironment. Int J Cancer doi: 10.1002/ijc.32343. [Epub ahead of print]

Pradeu T. (2019): Philosophy of Biology: Immunology and individuality. eLIFE 8:e47384

Laplane et al. (2019), Why science needs philosophy PNAS 116 (10)

Pradeu T. & Moreau J-F. (2019), CRISPR-Cas immunity: Beyond nonself and defence. Biology & Philosophy 34(6). (PDF of final draft).

Bazin T., Chiu L. & Pradeu T. (submitted), Host-microbiota co-immunity: An intimate relationship that goes beyond defense. Submitted to PTPBio. (PDF of final draft).


Pradeu T. & Du Pasquier L. (2018), Immunological memory: What’s in a name? Immunological Reviews 283(1) (Special Issue: Immunologic Memory), 7-20. (PDF of final draft).

Truchetet M-E. & Pradeu T. (2018), Re-thinking our understanding of immunity: Robustness in the tissue reconstruction system. Seminars in Immunology 36, 45-55. (PDF of final draft).

Eberl G. & Pradeu T. (2018), Towards a General Theory of Immunity? Trends in Immunology 39 (4), 261-263. (PDF of final draft).


Chiu L., Bazin T. (co-first authors), Truchetet M-E., Schaeverbeke T., Delhaes L. & Pradeu T. (2017), Protective Microbiota: From Localized to Long-Reaching Co-Immunity. Frontiers in Immunology, December 2017, Volume 8, Article 1678. (Open Access).

Laurent P., Jolivel V., Manicki P., Chiu L., Contin-Bordes C., Truchetet M-E, and Pradeu T. (co-senior authors) (2017), Immune-Mediated Repair: A Matter of Plasticity. Frontiers in Immunology, Volume 8, Article 454. (Open Access).

Moreau J-F., Pradeu T., Grignolio A., Nardini C., Castiglione F., Tieri P., Capri M., Salvioli S., Taupin J-L., Garagnani P. & Franceschi C. (2017), The emerging role of ECM crosslinking in T cell mobility as a hallmark of immunosenescence. Ageing Research Reviews 35, 322–335. (Open Access).


Pradeu T. (2016), Editorial introduction: The many faces of biological individuality. Special issue on biological individuality (T. Pradeu, ed.), Biology & Philosophy31(6), 761-773. (PDF of final draft).

Pradeu T. (2016), Organisms or biological individuals? Combining physiological and evolutionary individuality. Special issue on biological individuality (T. Pradeu, ed.), Biology and Philosophy31(6), 797–817.  (PDF of final draft).

Pradeu T. & Vivier E. (2016), The Discontinuity Theory of Immunity. Science Immunology1(1), pp. aag0479, July 2016.  (PDF of final draft).

Pradeu T. (2016), Mutualistic viruses and the heteronomy of life, Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 59, 80–88. (Long final draft).

Pradeu T., Kostyrka G., and Dupré J (2016), Understanding viruses: Philosophical investigations, Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 59, 57-63. (PDF of final draft).

Pradeu T, Laplane L, Prévot K, Hoquet T, Reynaud V, Fusco G, Minelli A, Orgogozo V, and Vervoort M. (2016), Defining ‘development’, Current Topics in Developmental Biology, 117, 171-183, special anniversary issue edited by Paul Wassarman. (PDF of final draft)